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Birthday Index and Reference List
for the
History of Mathematics

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January

Jan. , 1526

Rafael Bombelli
Jan.  2,  1940

S, R, S, Varadhan
Jan.  7, 1871

Emile Borel

Jan.  8, 1888

Richard Courant

Jan. 10, 1938

Don Knuth

Jan. 14, 1902

Alfred Tarski

Jan. 15, 1850

Sonya Kovalevsky

Jan. 22, 1880

Frigyes Riesz

Jan. 23, 1862

David Hilbert

Jan. 25, 1736
Lagrange
Jan. 25, 1870

Koch

Jan. 27, 1832

Charles Dodgson,
a.k.a., Lewis Carroll


February

Feb. 7, 1877
G. H. Hardy
Feb. 7, 1883

E. T. Bell

Feb. 11, 1839 Josiah Willard Gibbs

Feb. 12, 1809
 
Abraham Lincoln
 
Feb. 14

Cardioid

 
Feb. 15, 1564
 
Galileo
Feb. 19, 1473

Copernicus
Feb. 20, 1931 John Willard Milnor

Feb. 21, 1591

Girard Desargues

Feb. 22, 1732

George Washington
Feb. 23, 1855

Gauss-Heptadecagon


March

Mar. 3, 1845

Cantor

Mar. 5, 1574

Oughtred
Mar. 6, 1896 Nikola Obreshkoff

Mar. 11, 1780
 
Crelle
Mar. 13, 1925

John Torrence Tate
Mar. 14, 1879
 
Einstein
Mar. 16, 1846
 
Mittag-Leffler
Mar. 18, 1928 Lennart Carleson

Mar. 21, 1768 Fourier
Mar. 21, 1884

Birkhoff
Mar. 23, 1749
Laplace
Mar. 23, 1882 Noether
Mar. 23, 1913
Paul Erdös

Mar. 26, 1773

Bowditch

Mar. 31, 1596

Descartes

 

April

Apr.  1, 1776

Sophie Germain

Apr.  2, 1934

Paul Cohen
Apr.  3, 1909

Stanislaw Ulam
Apr.  9,  999
Pope Sylvester II

Apr. 11, 1953

Andrew Wiles
Apr. 13, 1743

Thomas Jefferson
Apr. 14, 1629

Huygens
Apr. 15, 1707

Euler
Apr. 23, 1858

Max Planck
Apr. 28, 1906

Kurt Gödel
Apr. 29, 1854

Poincaré
Apr. 30, 1777

Gauss


May

May 1, 1924
Evelyn Granville
May 1, 1926 Peter D. Lax

May 5, 2005

US Stamp: McClintock, Gibbs,
von Neumann, and Feynman


May 11, 1918

Richard Feynman
May 12, 1820

Florence Nightingale
May 16, 1718

Agnesi
May 18, 1048
Omar Khayyam
May 18, 1872

Bertrand Russell

May 31, 1929

John Kemeny


June

June,  ca. 624 BC
Thales of Miletus

June 5, 1882

John Keynes

June 6, 1556

Sumario Compendioso

June 8, 1625

Cassini

June 9, 1885

Littlewood

June 13, 1831 James Clerk Maxwell
June 13, 1928

John Nash

June 14, 1917 Atle Selberg

June 16, 1839

Julius Petersen
June 19, 1623

Pascal

June 21, 1781

Poisson

June 23, 1912 Turing

June 27, 1806

DeMorgan


July

July 1, 1646

Leibniz

July 2, 1906
July 2, 1852
Hans Bethe
William Burnside

July 12, 1895

Buckminster Fuller

July 15, 1930 Stephen Smale

July 18, 1635

Robert Hooke
July 27, 1667

Johann Bernoulli
 
July 31, 1704
 

Cramer


August

Aug. 4, 1805
Aug. 4, 1909

Hamilton
Saunders Mac Lane
Aug. 5, 1802

Abel

Aug. 8, 1931 Roger Penrose

Aug. 12, 1887
Aug. 12, 1930

Schrödinger
Jacques Tits
Aug. 13, 1819
 
Stokes

Aug. 16, 1821
 
Cayley

Aug. 17, 1601
 
Fermat

Aug. 18, 1685
 
Taylor

Aug. 21, 1789

Cauchy

Aug. 27, 1858

Peano


September

Sept. 3, 1845
    
J. J. Sylvester
   
Sept. 8, 1588

Father Mersenne
 
Sept. 11, 1890

Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes
Sept. 15, 1926

Jean-Pierre Serre
 
Sept. 17, 1910

Marshall Hall

Sept. 18, 1752

Legendre

Sept. 22, 262 B.C. ?

Apollonius
Sept. 30, 1913

S. Eilenberg


October

Oct. 3, 1944 Pierre René Deligne

Oct. 3*, 1548
Simon Stevin

Oct. 6, 1813

Dedekind

Oct. 7, 1885

Niels H. D. Bohr
Oct. 13, 1932

John Griggs Thompson
Oct. 15, 1608
 
Torricelli

Oct. 16


Quarternion Walk
Broom Bridge


Oct. 25, 1811
 
Galois
 
Oct. 31, 1992

Galileo's Absolution

November

Nov. 2, 1815

Boole    

Nov.  9, 1731

Banneker

Nov. 17, 1717
d'Alembert
Nov. 17, 1790

Möbius

Nov. 19, 1831

President J. Garfield
 
Nov. 23, 2004
Calculating Record
Nov. 23, 1616

Wallis

Nov. 26, 1894

Wiener

Nov. 30
(St. Andrew's Day)
John Napier

December

Dec. 1, 1792
     
Lobachevsky
      
Dec. 10, 1896

Nobel's death is honored.

Dec. 11 ?

Archimedes honored.
Dec. 14, 1546

Brahe

Dec. 17, 1706 Châtelet
Dec. 17, 1842

Lie

Dec. 22, 1887

Ramanujan

Dec. 25, 1642

Newton

Dec. 26, 1891 Babbage

Dec. 27, 1571

Kepler

Dec. 28, 1903

von Neumann

Other People and Dates:

EuclidMadhava (#1)Madhava (#2), Pythagoras,  and the seasonal topics of  New Years DayValentine's Day, Summer Solstice, Natural Logarithms, the Metric System, All Saints' Day, Winter's Day, Hella & SI Units, and  New Year's Eve  each have a "pop-down" screen appearing at an appropriate time or on a selected date.  We commemorate Galileo's first astronomical observations and founding of the Royal Society of London.

We have also added three examples of curve sketching, e.g., the isolated "hermit" point, a node, and a cusp.  Other October pop-down screens celebrate International Metric Week.  Raphael, the high Renaissance artist, is included.  The NCB enjoys the mathematicians he portrayed in the Vatican's School of Athens.

The NCB appreciates additional suggestions.

Classics, Favorites of Students, and Indispensable Texts
http://www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/history/BiogIndex.html

Agrawala, V. S., ed.,  Vedic Mathematics,  Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi, 1995.
Barrow-Green, June,  Poincaré and the Three Body Problem.  American Mathematical Society, 1997.
Bell, E. T.,  Men of Mathematics.  Simon and Schuster, 1965.
Boyer, Carl B.,  A History of Mathematics,  Princeton University Press. [1968 ed. is preferred.]
Burton, David M.,  The History of Mathematics:  An Introduction.  McGraw Hill, 5th ed., 2003.
Calinger, Ronald, ed.,   Vita MATHEMATICA.  Mathematical Association of America, 1996.
Dunham, William,  Journey Through Genius,  John Wiley, 1990. 
Eves, Howard,  An Introduction to the History of Mathematics,  Saunders College Publishing, 6th ed., 1990. 
Edwards, C. H., Jr.,  The Historical Development of the Calculus.  Springer-Verlag, 1979.
Fauvel, John and Gray, Jeremy,  The History of Mathematics:  A Reader.  Macmillan and The Open University, 1987.
Grattan-Guinness,  The Fontana History of Mathematical Sciences.  Fontana Press, 1997.
Karpinski,  Louis C.,  Bibliography of Mathematical Works Printed in America through 1850.  University of Michigan Press, 1940.
Katz, Victor J.,  A History of Mathematics:  An Introduction.  Addison-Wesley, 2nd ed., 1998.
Simmons, George F.,  Calculus Gems:  Brief Lives and Memorable Mathematics.  McGraw-Hill, 1992.
Smith, David E.,   History of Mathematics,  Dover, 1958.
Swetz, Frank J.,  From Five Fingers to Infinity:  A Journey Through the History of Mathematics.  Open Court, 1994.
Swetz, Frank J.,  "Some Not So Random Thoughts About the History of Mathematics - Its Teaching, Learning and Textbooks". PRIMUS,  V(2) pp. 97 - 107,  June, 1995.
Pierpont, James,  "The History of Mathematics in the Nineteenth Century,"  Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society,  37 (1) pp. 9 - 24.  Electronically published on December 21, 1999 as a tribute to the millennium.
From our earliest dated copy of Euclid's Elements to the color coded 1847 Byrne edition, the most famous proof of the Pythagorean Theorem is  ( I, 47 ).

Einstein: Einstein was born on 3/14 and is thus remembered as " p."
George
Washington:
President Washington was born in 1732 and is thus remembered as  ~  1.732.
Andrew
Jackson:
President Jackson served two terms, was the seventh president of the U.S. and was elected in 1828. 
He is remembered as e= 2.71828.
Others ?
If you know another,
please add to our collection.