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Florence Nightingale and Statistics

A Statue of Florence Nightingale is located in Carlton House Terrace, London, just off the Mall and not far from the current home of the Royal Society.
Florence Nightingale is especially remembered for introducing statistics into her advocacy for better health care among soldiers fighting in the Crimea War (1854-56).  She essentially proved that unsanitary conditions were killing more soldiers than actual combat.

She was the first woman elected to be a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society.

Each sector in her graph represented deaths in a given month.
Florence Nightingale is thought to have received private tutoring in mathematics from J. J. Sylvester.